The Gastric Sleeve is also called vertical gastrectomy, gastric sleeve or gastric tube; is an alternative for the management of morbid obesity in patients who do not want to undergo major surgery such as bypass and biliopancreatic diversion.
It consists of cutting the stomach to build a tube whose capacity is similar to a third of soda.
The excellent weight reduction is currently certified and approved by the FDA of the United States. It has the great advantage that being only restrictive surgery without interposed intestine or bypass, 95% of patients do not require any nutritional supplement, ie no vitamins, calcium, etc.
It is a minimally invasive surgery, produces a weight loss of approximately 70% and 80%; of excess weight, better than the weight loss produced by a gastric band, without the discomfort that this often produces. It is a procedure that is performed by laparoscopy. (less pain, quick recovery, aesthetically better, etc.) The feeling of fullness that this surgery produces is greater than that produced by a gastric band and patients report a very marked decrease in appetite during the first months after the operation, which contributes to an easier weight loss. It is not necessary to take vitamin and mineral supplements permanently after surgery. No foreign bodies are left (bands, rings, etc.) The physiology of the stomach is not altered at all. It does not involve the small intestine, therefore the absorption of nutrients is not altered. Easy endoscopic controls can be performed since there is no excluded segment. Ideal for patients with BMI not very high, such as 30-40.
Advantages and benefits
1 - Indicated for patients with a mass index of 30 to 40 Kg / m2.
2 - Patients with super obesity (BMI> 60 Kg / m2)
3 - Recommended for patients at high surgical risk.
4 - This procedure is recommended for diabetics as a second option after gastric bypass.